"Aromatic Substitution Reaction"

Lionel Delaude and Keith Smith

book cover
          source: Macmillan Encyclopedia of Chemistry
          editor: Joseph J. Lagowski
       publisher: Simon & Schuster Macmillan
            city: New York
            year: 1997
          volume: 1
      first page: 166
       last page: 170
            isbn: 0-02-897225-2

Article Description: Mechanism of electrophilic aromatic substitution (substituent effects on rate and product, methods of catalysis, intermediates). Major types of alkylation (with, without rearrangements); acylation; halogenation; nitration. Synthetic industrial value. Contrast between classic Friedel-Crafts and modern methods. Brief mention of nucleophilic aromatic substitution. [2000 words]

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