source: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry year: 2009 volume: 694 first page: 4049 last page: 4055 doi: 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2009.08.028
Abstract: The catalytic activity of four ruthenium imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylates was evaluated for the synthesis of vinyl esters through addition of 4-acetoxybenzoic acid to 1-hexyne, and compared to those of the parent ruthenium-N-heterocyclic carbene complexes and [RuCl2(p-cymene)(PPh3)] (a standard catalyst). It turned out that ruthenium imidazol(in)ium-2-dithiocarboxylates were poorly active and selective. Quantitative yields, indeed, were obtained only after extended reaction times. However, the catalytic activity could be improved significantly under microwave heating or conventional heating in a sealed tube at 160 °C, driving the reaction to completion in less than 4 h of reaction.
Keywords: Alkynes, Carboxylic Acids, Enol Esters, N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands, Microwave, Ruthenium